The best way to do a review for an exam

The best way to do a review for an exam

Reviewing is essential for successful test scores and long-term memorization.

What is the review?
Reviewing is one of the best study techniques and in some cases they remain in the background due to lack of time or because they study at the last minute.
One is aware that after learning a topic it is very useful to examine oneself to know how much information you remember. Precisely at this point the review is the tool that helps to master a subject in the best way.
Therefore, to review is to check what is remembered to consolidate knowledge and reinforce those that have been forgotten. And therefore the more review a topic is, the better prepared you are for an exam.
When reviewing, it is advisable to do so with strategies that allow progress in the study and move away from oblivion. One of the factors most feared by students. Since with the passage of time all the information that we study with so much effort is gradually eliminated, we learn and memorize. And this is why the review technique was created.

The importance of review
Surely studying and memorizing for one or two hours and at the end you are able to remember the subject studied, but after a week much of that information no longer exists, you have forgotten it.
This is an indication that the brain is a very practical organ and tends to get rid of what it does not use. But there is also another function of the brain that is related to the neural connections that are strengthened when it is reviewed making the subject studied stay longer. So it is important to reinforce what you have learned from time to time so that it does not disappear. In addition, understanding this leads us to get rid of the typical situation of studying one day before the exam because in that case the review is left out and it is precisely the technique that determines the result of the grades throughout each academic year.

The curve of forgetting and review
Forgetfulness refers to the loss of access to information previously processed in memory. In general, this situation occurs due to the passage of time, although in other cases due to a mental block. Regarding the study, it is somewhat annoying despite being a capacity with an adaptive function, which allows us to eliminate information that is not used from our brain and allows us to focus on daily problems.

Herman Ebbinghaus
In 1850, the German psychologist Herman Ebbinghaus conducted the first studies on the function of forgetting and defined what is now known as the forgetting curve.
This study allowed to clarify processes related to the retention of information and the forgetting of it.

 

Through various experiments, Ebbinghaus graph the forgetting curve where the level of retention of learned information and its decrease over time is reflected. Through the forgetting curve, a comparison can be made between the material that is initially processed and the one that will remain in memory, which according to its creator, occurs due to the passage of time and the non-use of the information.

 

In this curve it can be seen that forgetting occurs very quickly (red curve)
While with them the information tends to remain (green curves)

In the graph you can see three green curves which represent a review. Therefore, doing a review for 3 days after learning makes the information is kept for more than 6 days, almost in its entirety. This means that the retention of the information lasts longer with subsequent review.

Ebbinghaus results
Ebbinghaus showed that the forgetting cycle is as follows:

In one day, 50% of what has been learned is forgotten
In two days 70% of learned is forgotten
After a week, 90% of what has been learned is forgotten
Thanks to this study, the spaced review What is a method to transfer information to long-term memory is recommended. The recommendation for a good spaced review is the following.

First review the next day
Second review a week
Third review after 30 days
Fourth review before the exam or in the next 30 days.
If you want to do a good spaced review, I recommend the Aniki program, which is based on this method.

How to review?
As for review material, it is important that you use the study technique that works best for you, such as a summary, concept map, or any other way. The important thing is that you are entering that the review is fast therefore avoid large amounts of information.
All this is to optimize time due to the large amount of material used in university studies. You can also rely on programs such as: PowerPoint, Word, Anki, a whiteboard or a tape recorder.

Best Review Techniques
Visual review
In this type of review, diagrams or maps are reproduced as they were memorized. This is a technique that helps students who have more facility for visual learning and enjoy

still writing and drawing. It is also important to build knowledge in the initial reviews.

Reviewed aloud
It consists of recording yourself giving a lesson out loud as if you were an expert on the subject, it allows you to develop your oratory and at the same time retain more information. The moments in which you do not know how to explain a topic serve as a progress meter, since they are points that you must read and understand again. This type of technique allows you to structure the content, it helps you develop auditory learning. It also gives you the advantage of recording the conference and listening to it as a review instead of reading.

Reviewed with cards
This is a type of review that became very famous or to memorize vocabulary, definitions and formulas. It is more practical, since it allows you to develop the cards as you study or prepare the study material. The fact that you have a very small space allows you to select the most important and pay close attention to the keywords. If you choose an application to carry out a review with cards, you can do it in any empty time.

Review with exams
This is considered one of the most effective reviews to face exams. To carry them out you can request exams from previous years students who have already taken or ask your classmates to make you a difficult exam. This allows you to evaluate their progress by simulating real exams and clearly visualize what concepts they need to review. In addition, the fact of taking a mock exam prepares you mentally for a real situation and many times you can find similar questions.

Natural Nootropics: the most known and their benefits

Natural Nootropics: the most known and their benefits

 

We heard and read a lot about nootropics, their benefits, their side effects, where to buy them, etc but in this opportunity we want to talk more about natural nootropics and their benefits so you can have all the information to make a good choice.

What are natural nootropics?

Nootropics are defined in the dictionary as a substance that enhances cognition and memory and facilitates learning. They can be supplements, compounds or drugs, but in this opportunity we will focus on natural nootropics. Natural nootropics are substances or nutrients from nature, these types of nootropics have less side effects than the synthetics and are better tolerated so if you are a beginner at the “smart drug world”, you might want to start with natural supplements.

 

The first benefit of natural nootropics is that, as we mentioned before, these are much safer than the synthetics ones. In their purest form, they do not produce side effects and they have almost the same benefits on long and short term. In the long term, there is good evidence that natural nootropics can mitigate or even possibly reverse age-related cognitive decline.

 

Natural Nootropics include whole plants, part of them and other edible substances like oils. Natural nootropics are almost always considered supplements. This means that they undergo less scrutiny by regulating agencies, but that they are not allowed to claim that they prevent, treat, or diagnose brain conditions.

 

The main benefit that this type of nootropic brings is that they are easier to obtain because of the few regulations they have. We can find some of them at the supermarket and buy them for a low price, we’re talking about coffee and tea for example.

 

The most known natural nootropics

 

Ashwagandha:

Also known as indian ginseng or winter cherry, Ashwagandha is an herb commonly used in ayurvedic medicine and it normally comes from India. It is classified as an adaptogen which means this herb helps in the managing of stress and fight symptoms of depression and anxiety. Studies have shown that this herb reduces high blood sugar levels even in people with diabetes by reducing insulin secretion and also improves insulin sensitivity in muscle cells.

Ashwagandha may also have anti-cancer properties with the ability to fight tumor growth but the studies are not really proved scientifically yet, hopefully we will have more evidence in some years.

 

L-Theanine:

It is an amino acid mostly found in black tea, green tea and some mushrooms. These natural nootropics may affect certain chemicals in the brain such as serotonin and dopamine which influences people’s mood, sleep, emotion and cortisol which helps to deal with stress. Some researchers found out that L-theanine improves mental focus, the dose is 100mg per day and people who took it show a better mental performance and fewer errors in attention tasks than the group which took placebo.

This amino acid also has the benefit of reducing the blood pressure by reducing stress, thus it increases the relaxation which decreases the blood pressure.

Moreover, L-Theanine may also help to sleep better and improve sleep quality. This nootropic helps people relax before bedtime, sleep more easily and have a deeper sleep, this is because of the impact this nootropic has on the chemicals of the brain.

 

Rhodiola Rosea:

It is an herb from the arctic regions of Asia, North America and Europe, it is part of the adaptogens family. The principal benefit obtained from Rhodiola Rosea is the regulation of cortisol and other stress hormones and also supports brain chemicals that play a major role in the cognitive process. Adaptogens like rhodiola rosea increase your body’s resistance to stress, allowing you to support the stressful times.

One study investigated the benefits from a dosage of 400 mg of Rhodiola Rosea per day and the results proved that it had significant improvements in the treatment of stress symptoms such as anxiety, fatigue and exhaustion.

This natural nootropic might also help with depression, more specifically with its symptoms by balancing the neurotransmitters in your brain. Rhodiola Rosea helped with depression, insomnia, emotional stability and even gave a boost in people’s self-esteem.

Apart from the brain, Rhodiola Rosea has benefits on the body too, helping people to enhance exercise performance. In some studies, rhodiola has been shown to improve exercise performance by decreasing perceived exertion, or how hard participants felt their bodies were working.

 

Gingko Biloba:

It is a tree native to China, there are dozens of Ginkgo Biloba supplements associated with improvement of health. This nootropic has many benefits, it contains antioxidants. Antioxidants are substances that may protect your cells against free radicals, which may play a role in heart disease, cancer and other diseases.

Ginkgo Biloba can help fight inflammation. In the inflammatory response, various components of the immune system are recruited to fight against the foreign invader or heal the injured area. There are some specific conditions in which this natural supplement may be helpful, these include: arthritis, irritable bowel disease, cancer, heart disease and stroke.

This natural nootropic also reduces symptoms of some psychiatric disorders and dementia. These profits could be related to the role that ginkgo may play in improving blood flow to the brain, especially as it relates to vascular types of dementia.

 

Bacopa Monnieri:

Also known as brahmi, this is a plant usually used in indian medicine, it is mostly used for Alzeimers disease, memory and thinking skills. Bacopa might increase certain brain chemicals that are involved in thinking, learning, and memory. Human studies show it may help boost brain function, treat ADHD symptoms, and reduce stress and anxiety. Furthermore, test-tube and animal studies have found that it may possess anticancer properties and reduce inflammation and blood pressure.

 

Remember that this is NOT a medical article, we recommend visiting your head doctor before thinking about taking any kind of nootropic, even the natural ones like the ones we mentioned before. Self medication can be really risky, make sure you know the pros and cons of taking any type of medicine.

 

We can be talking all day long about the multiples advantages that natural nootropics could bring to our lives, however it is really important to take into account that we have to take a healthy life, sleep well, do some exercise, eat healthy, have some time of relaxation during the day, etc for the nootropics to work in the way they should be and to see the results and the improvements they may bring to our daily routine such as improve our memory, keep us focused and enhance cognitive performance. Get information and choose the one that suits you the best.

 

How to study an online master’s degree

How to study an online master’s degree

There is the possibility of studying an online master’s degree and the questions that arise are: is it worth studying? How are they studied? Most prefer to continue training at this time, which requires continual specialization. The online master’s degree is one more option for when you finish your degree and feel that you still need to train, in some cases it is the best way to continue studying.

What is called an online master?

In a simple way, it can be said that an online master is a master that can be studied through the internet. This training in many cases exceeds the face-to-face training and they are usually at the same level.
One of the main characteristics of this modality is the saving of time due to the possibility of studying online, although they are always accompanied by certain study strategies. For example, it is common in this modality to find virtual classrooms, where you attend classes live. There is also the possibility of recording the lessons and watching them as many times as necessary, downloading study material, among others.

The online master also have the possibility of being official or their own

Own online master’s degree: This degree lacks approval for Europe and is not fully valid in the EHEA and in some it is only necessary to have professional experience in the field in which you want to study the master’s degree.

Official online master: As with the face-to-face master, this type of master is recognized by an educational education and approved throughout the European Union. This offers the possibility of practicing a profession in any country that is part of the EHEA (European Higher Education Area) and to access this type of master you must have a bachelor’s degree or a bachelor’s degree.

The quality of a virtual master

Currently, online teaching has advanced a lot, in part due to the suspension of face-to-face classes in 2020. This, added to the advances of previous years, gives us the possibility of taking our own master’s degree and, most importantly, an online master’s degree. This can be done at universities in Spain, France and at various European Universities.

If it is about quality, the qualification approved and valid for Europe, is the clear example that it is at the level of traditional education. As the years go by, more masters will continue to be enabled with the online modality, as is happening in universities in Spain.

Go ahead and study a master’s degree online

During these last years, online education has been growing despite the beliefs that people have about learning online. In fact, it is often considered a second option and as a solution for when you cannot attend a face-to-face class due to work or distance. The idea that doubts are resolved remotely is very present. Doubts about the methodologies, the tools that are needed, the motivation, the planning and the study routine.
Below I will explain some advantages and disadvantages compared to face-to-face learning:

Positive aspects

You can take it from your home.

This is an incredible freedom, you can condition your study place to your liking or study from any other place with internet access. You will avoid traveling to attend class and you will be able to rely on the facilities and automations offered by a PC, a cell phone or tablet and above all the continuous internet connection.

Flexible hours

The most common is that the material and classes are available 24 hours a day, even all year round. You will only have to organize yourself to attend the online classes if the subject requires it or if you are interested. This opens a window of possibilities for you in case you work or have children or are looking to combine higher education with a hobby.

The cost is less.

In general, it is cheaper for universities to take courses online and this is reflected in the price they offer to the student. In addition, the economic aspect together with the online study opens a window of offers from universities in neighboring countries and from other continents.

Negative aspects

  • The official master’s degree is scarce. The amount is less than the one found in mode
    face-to-face and will be expanded in the face of demand
  • It takes you away from the traditional university environment.
  • Although platforms and technology allow the student teacher to have more tools for communication, it still does not reach the person-to-person level.

 

Basic requirements to access an online Master

The same requirements are usually required as in a traditional master’s degree. For example, undergraduate degree, that the degree is consistent with the content of the master’s degree.

The possibility also arises that the degrees are less demanding in the case of an Online Master’s Degree, where they ask you for example: Professional Training Certificate or have work experience in what you intend to study.

Tips for studying a master’s degree online

The fundamental thing is to make the most of technology. It is important to familiarize yourself and continually update yourself to know what resources are available for the entire course. The fact that teachers only uploaded PDFs to the university platform and then each student turned in their homework was long gone. Now it is used, video conferencing, digital whiteboards, virtual classrooms, live classes and other possibilities.

Improve your organization

Online learning totally changes the traditional methodology of learning, in fact it could be considered that it implies a revolution. The prominence of the student increases, but that flexibility can be a disaster if it is not managed well. The level of responsibility is higher and the ability to have a daily routine is essential. If you didn’t develop a high-performing discipline and organization, you have to.
Before taking the step, plan everything. It is important to adapt to the challenge. Fixed hours are the best allies. As long as you can carry a consistent routine over time, everything will become easier. Don’t let the freedom and convenience of choosing your schedules turn against you.

Motivation, Iron Will.

The difficult thing is not to start, but to stay in the challenge. At the beginning the motivation is at the highest, but as the difficulties arise and things do not go as planned. Motivation begins to wane. In these moments only an iron will will remain constant. Remember it is not difficult, you just don’t have time.

How to do meditation to study and learn?

How to do meditation to study and learn?

Doing meditation to study and learn reduces stress and improves memory. In addition to being an exercise that conditions the mind for study and exams. A fundamental aspect that benefits more than anything is concentration. A very key aspect to study effectively.

What is meditation

It could be considered as an ancient art. Which is currently used as a therapy to improve and have a greater well-being. Which consists of performing certain mental exercises that through repetition enter our mind so that it reaches a state of inner peace or serenity.

Many meditative disciplines are grouped under the term mediation. They are considered this way for the objective or purpose that is to relax, lowering stress levels and changing emotions in some way. Most of the meditation practices have an Asian origin and are linked to spiritual traditions and virtues. How to develop love, compassion, patience, forgiveness, among others.

These were expanding to the rest of the world, they were also integrated into different cultures. To the point that nowadays it is common to meet someone who meditates in your city. Meditation is not a religion in itself, although it is linked in many cases. What constitutes medication is the inner will to self-regulate the mind oneself.

The role of meditation to study

There are several benefits that are part of meditation. Next I will point out those that are related to meditation to study and learn:

Improvement in the level of care: Through the practice of meditation, the capacity of attention can be increased allowing one to be focused for a longer time in a certain area.

Relaxation: The set of neurons that are responsible for the management of fear, stress and anxiety, which make up the amygdala. It is influenced and providing significant reductions in stress levels.

Develop self-control: Through meditation you can better manage the emotions that affect more such as anger. Through this practice you can develop a greater calm in the face of stressful situations and the ability to be in balance internally.

Elevate creativity: Meditation increases mental clarity and understanding of emotions, thus clearing the mind. This allows the ability to concentrate to improve. To the point of having inspirations or revelations during the meditation exercises.

Improve understanding: The ability to relate concepts that is part of reading comprehension benefits from meditation and helps to better outline information.
Can you practice meditation techniques?

The practice of meditation is currently booming. And anyone who is in good health can meditate. Since it is mental work, we all have the ability to practice it. There is no biological or physical impediment, but certain recommendations from the neuroscience area can be considered that if the person is medicated by a psychiatrist, they do not have to discontinue their medication. Also another factor to consider is to consider the postures that may cause discomfort.

Basic recommendations to start

Next I will tell you about some keys to start the path of meditation

Avoid remembering: This is about letting go of what happened.
Not imagine: It’s about letting go of everything that comes to your imagination
Silence the thoughts: It involves not thinking about what is happening
Do not analyze: Do not try to interpret what happens
Avoid controlling yourself: It has to do with not forcing yourself to meditate
Just rest: Just allow yourself to relax.

How to do meditation to study

Next I will explain how to use meditation to learn or better prepare to study. Eliminating tensions, nerves, lowering anxiety levels. Which are usually presented before an exam or when you have to research a topic to do a job that involves improving your grade.

First steps

Select a comfortable and isolated space that allows you to meditate. This place should be free of objects that can distract you.
Choose poses. The best posture is to sit up straight. One thing to keep in mind is that you should avoid lying down.
Determine what your method of focusing will be. This can be done in different ways and partly depends on the type of meditation you chose. It can be a mental repetition or a mantra. There is also the option of concentrating on the breath or focusing on an object.

Direct your attention. As you meditate, it may happen that you drift away from the basic recommendations of meditation, and at this point it is important to recognize that you are wandering and to use the focus method again.
The recommended meditation time is 15 to 20 minutes and the essential thing is to develop a daily routine. If you intend to mediate more time you can do it, but to obtain the benefits the fundamental thing is to do it correctly because otherwise you are wasting time.

Meditation techniques to study

There are many ways to meditate and focus on finding the one that gives you the most comfort.
The objective of meditation is to reach an inner serenity and for this there are different techniques.
The mantra
This is part of Buddhism and transcendental medicine. The meaning of the word mantra is instrument for the mind. This is usually sound vibrations that are repeated to reach a deep state of meditation.

Breathing

This technique consists of directing the attention towards the breath, with the aim of gradually calming it down. This is done by breathing in and out in a calm manner. All concentration must be placed on the path of the air and the reaction of our body. You should also focus on the length of your breath.
Sailing
This technique directs tension. It consists of keeping your eyes closed and breathing slowly. Then imagine that everything is dark and in front you have a lit candle. This one blinks becoming more intense and another one more dim. The attention should be focused on the candle and let yourself be carried away by serenity.

 

The best way to do a review for an exam

Can you study two masters at the same time?

Studying two masters at the same time is a challenge and a way to face the hyper-competitiveness that is emerging in our time. It can also be an exciting and enriching experience. This is becoming increasingly possible because currently a master’s degree is considered a basic element of the CV of any professional.

The difficult thing is not to do a master’s degree, the difficult thing is to manage time

The effort is focused on the organization to get two masters. All this implies planning in detail, from keeping agendas and applications to being able to fully manage the time of each day and each hour. The most important thing is to be able to fulfill the routines that one proposes. The reality of doing this challenge is very hard and sacrificed, there are no facilities. Knowing this aspect helps to face it and not lower your arms, if you dare to take two Masters at the same time you will realize how important it is to be realistic and sincere at all times.

Is it necessary to study two masters at the same time?

In these times, knowledge in many cases is not enough to guarantee the future that you want to have. In addition, there are people encouraging these challenges. You can continue with a single master’s degree or choose to specialize for two. This advantage is focused on competitiveness and maximum use of time.
The double master’s degree not only helps you academically and the acquisition of more knowledge or the prestige of achieving high-performance organizational and disciplinary challenges. It is also a good way to get more professional skills. The ability to master two complementary fields is brilliant.

Motivations to study in two areas

The possibility and the existence of the opportunity to specialize twice is positive. You can strengthen your motivation with the benefits that this has.

The benefits of studying two masters

The experience of taking two masters is very demanding and at the same time motivating because of how challenging it is.

Greater chance of success in the labor market.

The advantage of developing a more competitive profile opens a window of new opportunities. It must be remembered that the current labor market, if it is important positions, is very demanding and competitive. It is precisely because of the high qualification and experience that it is not enough to achieve professional positions that one dreams or requires to achieve goals in a short or medium term. But having the necessary knowledge is already an important factor in reaching professional goals.

The phrase that is repeated the most today is “you have to be in continuous training” this implies acquiring more and more knowledge and that is necessary for practice because things are updated, changed and reorganized each time. Now being able to afford to have a profile that proves your ability to function in two different areas adds a greater value to you than that of someone who can only practice in a professional field.
More complete training, better preparation to achieve a doctorate.

With a double master’s degree, you acquire deeper knowledge and you can have great expectations for the future where you can expand your knowledge of the world or face a professional destination in the best way. The motivation to achieve big goals is the drive for many.

Save time

It is logical that by studying two masters you save time because surely you are going to do both masters. Instead of carrying them out in 4 or 3 years, you can do it in 1 or 2 years. If you study it separately, the dedication extends more and there will be doors to the labor market that will close when 4 or 3 years pass.

Possibility of doing two doctorates.

If you have two different master’s degrees, which allow you to specialize in different areas, you also have the possibility of accessing two doctorates.
Disadvantages, challenges to face
Studying a double master’s degree is a complex challenge in several aspects.

Get homework done on time.

He is always present during the course of this challenge. In many cases the schedules may overlap and in others arrive adjusted.
The economic cost.
A double specialization involves more expenses than one. If you do not have sufficient solvency to face it, it will be a difficult inconvenience to overcome. Many times it is important to consider the possibility of having a scholarship and therefore manage it.

Less social life

You cannot achieve great things if you do not leave out certain things. In many cases the usual outings are reduced and you cannot afford to have a great social life.
High levels of stress.
It is a fact that the level of stress will rise and if you do not have the strength to manage it, it could take its toll. Your mood will also be affected.

What will happen when you start studying two masters?

Your productivity will be optimized and the use of time will be of another level. The network of professional contacts will expand and you will be able to have other professionals who will inspire you along the way. Success will start knocking on your door long before you finish your master’s degree because job opportunities multiply.

Aspects to consider

Plan very well how you will do both masters, for example you can choose to study one of the masters online and another in person. Always be realistic about the time you can spend on each one. Within this planning keep in mind that the objectives you set for yourself must be clear and realistic, at all times based on your agenda. It is always important to keep your feet on the ground. Stress can happen, so having a plan or strategy to manage it is important. You will also have to manage emotions and feelings of failure, stagnation and surpassing.
It may also be very useful to consider studying two different masters so as not to fall into monotony.

One of the last aspects and no less important is to avoid that the practices occur simultaneously. This will push you to the limit and make the challenge impossible. Despite the large investment of time, consider leaving a few hours for fun, this will allow you to rest your mind and maintain your academic performance.

How to do a master’s degree and work

How to do a master’s degree and work

A master’s degree and work is very common today, it is common for the student to find himself working at the end of a higher degree. In the next few paragraphs you will find the aspects to take into account to carry it out. It also takes into consideration the possibility of doing an online master’s degree. Where your organization is the most important and another option is to do it in person if you do not master planning for high academic performance.
Many times your company offers you the possibility of doing a master’s degree or in most cases this decision is made personally.

If you decide to carry out both activities, you have to bear in mind that a master’s degree implies a lot of responsibility for both the company and the master’s degree. It also takes a lot of organization to persevere and avoid being left behind.

The current situation of studying and working

We are currently going through a perfect time to combine work and study. In fact, it is increasingly common for students to find themselves in this situation.
What helps make this possible is the technology and the advances that are happening lately. It is known that the flexibility of doing an online master’s degree is important. It gives prominence to the student, allowing him to organize the time according to the hours he has for study.
Other facilities that are found is that the face-to-face course can also be given at more accessible times, for example at night or on weekends.
The options to make it possible to study a master and work. The master’s degree can open up new opportunities or bring new skills to your company.

The combination of face-to-face with online

In this situation and due to the academic demand of the master’s degree, it is very difficult to dedicate yourself completely to doing it in person (It is better when it is at night or on weekends)
To have more possibilities of making it compatible with your work, it is better to choose a master that combines face-to-face and virtual classes. This will allow you to have more flexibility in your schedules.
Optimize the use of every minute

You can try to have your study material in digital format to be able to take advantage of any moment and read or do work. If you travel a long distance to get to work, you can create the habit of studying while traveling on public transport. One option you can choose is to stop watching television and surf the internet for leisure and take advantage of that extra time to advance in subjects. For this option to be viable, it is important to choose a master’s degree that you are passionate about.

Make working hours more flexible in favor of studying

This is another possibility for which you can opt. It requires negotiating with your boss or employer. To achieve some flexibility in your schedules and thus be able to study or attend class. An important aspect is that the workplace is close to home or near the university.
Healthy life and not sacrificed life
It is important to take care of your health, to exercise in minutes of rest, to respect the necessary hours of rest. These are some of the habits for leading a healthy life related to this study. Giving me this opportunity will allow you to have an optimal performance during the duration of the master’s degree. Taking a master’s degree and working involves energy and vitality.

Optimizing time to study a master’s degree and work

The good use of time can only occur if you are able to assume the responsibility that studying a master’s degree demands and comply with the work day.

Create a priority agenda

Establishing what your priorities will be implies that your personal time will be reduced therefore you will have to put aside certain activities and leisure.
Always write down your priorities so that when time starts to run short you can focus only on the essential tasks to meet your goal.
This can be tough, yet the benefit of going through it and achieving it is transformative and highly beneficial.

Stress and emotions

When you have to do more than one activity, the feeling of not being able or feeling overwhelmed occurs. This can happen on any day while you are working and taking your master’s degree, and it can translate into time-consuming or paralyzing tension. So it is essential to be aware of this and avoid increasing stress to the point of causing blockages or distancing yourself from performing the highest priority tasks. Managing stress is also important because it can lead to health problems.

Effective study method

You cannot study a master’s degree and work if you do not have study techniques that allow you to develop concentration and control over distractions, for example, make good use of your mobile, use time and task management applications, memorization techniques. Everything that brings you closer to the best use of time in relation to academic tasks. You can also use effective methods for summaries. Mental maps. Methods that help transform a few minutes into the most productive.

Selecting the right master’s degree

Choosing a master’s degree with a modality in terms of timetables that is compatible with your work is a basic starting point. As I mentioned in the previous paragraphs, if it is semi face-to-face or online it is much better. You can also opt for a night master’s degree, where the hours do not affect those of your mandatory rest.
Let others know about the challenge you are taking
When you tell your friends about your challenge and your boss about the challenge you embarked on, you will surely receive help or understanding about your obligations and in this way they will give you more space. They will also be more willing to offer you help when you need it.

Tell your boss
If you haven’t already, you better do it. You can find out the possibilities that they can offer you to grant a flexible working time. One of the possibilities could be to accumulate work hours in four days and have a few extra days off added to the weekend. It may also happen that they assign you a position that allows you to fulfill hours remotely (from your home). The support of your superior will be one of the best allies when combining study and work.

 

Nootropics, yeses and noes: a quick guide

Nootropics, yeses and noes: a quick guide

Nootropics are most common these days, people are more and more used to acquire them with the hope of ameliorating their lifestyles, improve memory, have more energy, enhance cognitive abilities and so on. The main interrogatives generally are, what type of nootropic should I take? Are nootropics good for sleeping? What kind of nootropic could help me to enhance my training performance? Here we will try to answer some of those questions.

 

What nootropics should I take?

 

Here is a list of the best and most common nootropics:

  • Caffeine: Caffeine is a chemical that increases your alertness and improves your attention.

 

  • L-Theanine: L-theanine is an amino acid found in tea that can increase feelings of calmness and may be linked to increased creativity.

 

  • Creatine: Creatine is an amino acid that can improve short-term memory and reasoning skills. Doses of 5 grams per day have been shown to be safe in the long term.

 

  • Bacopa Monnieri: Bacopa monnieri is an herbal supplement that has been shown to improve memory and information processing.

 

  • Rhodiola Rosea: Rhodiola rosea is a natural herb that may help your body adapt to periods of high stress and reduce associated mental fatigue.

 

  • Ginkgo Biloba: Ginkgo biloba can improve memory and mental processing and may be beneficial in stressful situations.

 

  • Noopept: Noopept is a synthetic nootropic that may improve memory by increasing BDNF levels in your brain.

  • Modafinil: Modafinil is a prescription drug that can reduce drowsiness and improve brain function in healthy adults, particularly those who are sleep deprived.

 

  • Adderall: Adderall is not available without a prescription but does appear to improve brain function in healthy adults and those with ADHD.

 

  • Ritalin: Ritalin is a smart drug that enhances information processing, memory and attention.

 

What nootropics should NOT be mixed?

 

To answer this we have to take in consideration that there are many types of nootropics, the best way is to categorize the nootropics that are not well tolerated when mixed:

 

– Stimulants: There are various stimulants nootropics but the most common include caffeine, adderall and yohimbine. These stimulants increase your dopamine, adrenaline, and other stress hormones and if you mix them, it would lead into side effects such as: anxiety, irritability, nausea, insomnia and jitters.

 

– Racetams: Recetams are not recommended to mix because of the lack of long-term research, and if there is a study, they generally are proved in animals. Because long-term effects aren’t known, we can’t tell how safe these nootropics really are, and mixing them probably won’t be the best decision.

 

– Serotonergic Nootropics: Mixing nootropics that affect serotonin levels aren’t bad in general but there are some exceptions. Don’t mix serotonergic nootropics if you are taking a medication, or at least consult with a doctor. Taking too much of this kind of nootropics can lead into a serotonin syndrome so be careful with the dosage too.

 

– Pre Formulated Nootropic Stacks: If you’re inexperienced with nootropics, the last thing you want to do is try to create your own stack, this is a job for experienced people who want to save time and money. Some of these stacks are selled but you should be careful anyway, try to make a smart decision when choosing the nootropics you will consume.

 

What nootropics increase dopamine?

 

First of all dopamine is a naturally occurring brain chemical that stimulates pleasure, euphoria, motivation, movement and attention, all made by the communication of a system of neurons, this communication takes place in specialized receptor sites. Dopamine is an important chemical in our daily life, it stimulates physical movement, affects how we learn, it also can increase addictive behaviours, influences dietary cravings, etc.

 

A decrease in dopamine may lead to cognitive disability. Some symptoms of dopamine deficiency are: decrease motivation, fatigue, mood swings, poor memory, inability to focus, addictions, impulsive behaviours and procrastination.

 

Nootropics that helps to increase dopamine in our system includes:

 

1- Rhodiola Rosea: it is a popular root commonly used in Asia and Eastern Europe as a medicine, Rhodiola produces many effects on the neuronal system including dopamine stability, helping reduce fatigue and anxiety and boosting ability for handling stress. Rhodiola can enhance the permeability of the blood-brain barrier, allowing for better transport of dopamine.

 

2- L-Theanine: it is an amino acid found mainly in green tea and some mushrooms. L-theanine can cross the blood-brain barrier to boost dopamine levels. It also reduces the symptoms of stress and improves memory and learning. Another benefit of this amino acid is that it promotes the feelings of calm, helping to protect brain cells against the long-term effects of stress and age-related neural damage.

 

3- Citicoline or CDP Choline: It increases dopamine levels by acting as a dopamine agonist. Citicoline may also help to reduce food and drug cravings and reduce the appetite. Studies have shown that Citicoline combined with Uridine promotes the growth of dopamine receptors in the brain.

 

4- N-Acetyl L-Tyrosine: It may help to reduce the effects of high stress, Clinical trials show L-tyrosine biochemically can influence the synthesis of dopamine and norepinephrine in experimental animals and in humans too.

 

What nootropics interact well with wellbutrin?

 

Wellbutrin or Bupropion is an antidepressant, the factor that makes wellbutrin unique among the other antidepressants is that it doesn’t affect your libido and sexual function.

There is no big evidence of what happens when you mix a nootropic with wellbutrin, people who take wellbutrin and a nootropic tell that the side effects of the nootropics may be worse than thought but this also has to be with the dosage they take because the major part of them didn’t even consult with a doctor before mixing wellbutrin and nootropics.

 

Although Wellbutrin should not be mixed with other medicines that also contain bupropion since this may increase your risk of having a seizure. These include other antidepressants, antipsychotics, theophylline, isoniazid, tramadol, stimulants, steroids, hypoglycemic agents (including insulin), certain antibiotics, and abrupt discontinuation of benzodiazepines, but contraindications for nootropics aren’t found.

The most reasonable thing to do is consulate with a doctor before thinking of consuming any type of nootropic if you already take wellbutrin.

 

Remember, we do NOT recommend self-medication and this isn’t a medical article, take a time and consult your head doctor to avoid any problem nootropics could lead to for you.

 

To sum up, there is a large list of nootropics and these are also subdivided into categories, make sure to learn how to take them properly and which nootropics can or cannot be mixed, avoid possible consequences and side effects that can be tricky to control, consult a doctor, you’ll be thankful later.

 

What to use nootropics for?

What to use nootropics for?

We always want to be better, enhance our abilities, stay focused for a longer period of time, improve our short and long term memory, reduce feelings of stress, anxiety and depression but what not everyone knows is that we have the opportunity of improve our lives, here is where nootropics appears, which basically are supplements that can improve cognitive and physical abilities of healthy individuals.

 

How much nootropics should I take?

The frequency of usage and dosage varies from one nootropic to another. In case of Caffeinne the maximum dosage is 400mg, per day, if you take more, it may cause strong side effects. Citicoline for example is safe if you take between 250mg and 2g daily.

You should pay attention to the dosage and the type of nootropic you’re taking, if it produces many side effects the best option is to stop taking it until you learn how to use it properly.

 

This isn’t a medical article, remember to consult with your head doctor. Self-medication isn’t recommended.

 

When to take nootropics?

 

You can use nootropics when you want to be more productive, when you want to support your learning or working, or improve your memory skills. Nootropics are also useful when you want to be motivated to work out for example, they can also reduce social anxiety and improve overall social fluency.

If you want to achieve these goals, you need to work on yourself too:

  • Sleep 8 hours per day, sleep at night. It isn’t the same sleeping 8 hours during the day or 4 hours at night and 4 in the afternoon.
  • Do exercise, go walking or running or do whatever that makes you move.
  • Meditate, find what kind of meditation routine works for you and try to do it everyday.
  • Drink water, at least 8 glasses per day.
  • Eat healthy, go to a nutritionist if it’s possible.
  • Listen to acoustic music when working or studying to keep you focused.

 

There is no specific time to take nootropics, it will depend on what type of nootropic you are going to take and the reasons you are taking it. In the case of Modafinil for example, it is recommended to consume early in the morning because otherwise it could cause insomnia during the night and may be really difficult to sleep.

 

Nootropics for working out

Major part of people consuming nootropics does it for the cognitive enhancement that they can make, by affecting your brain, nootropics also affect your body and can impact on your training too. . It doesn’t matter if your goal is weight loss, muscle gain or strength; If you can get your brain charging at the right levels, your workouts will be much more productive.

 

These are the benefits of consuming nootropics if you work out:

 

1- Increased Focus: Focus is what makes you succeed, at any goal you want to achieve. Nootropics make it easier to focus your mind on your workout. Focus is crucial when training with heavy weights, particularly where the margins for failure are very small.

 

2- Energy: Energy is one of the main reasons, athletes look for nootropics to enhance their performance. Normally fatigue will dictate the effort you put on a work out session, so feeling tired all the time will affect your results.

 

3- Motivation: this is the key, without motivation people won’t even go to the gym or go out for running or even walking. Beginners in the working out world, look for nootropics because it enhances motivation which is the most important thing if you want to follow a regimen and go to the gym anytime you have to.

 

4- Stress Resistance: Too much stress can be damaging for health and produce mental fatigue which leads to bad physical performance either. Some nootropics can help to resist the damaging effect of stress in your body and brain.

 

Here we provide a short list of the best nootropics for working out:

 

  • CDP Choline or Citicoline: This nootropic helps synthesize Phosphatidylcholine (PC) and Acetylcholine (ACh), two of the most important components of neurological function. Citicoline gives a boost of memory, energy, concentration and focus but the main benefit is that it strengthens the mind-muscle connection which is very important for effective training.

 

  • Phosphatidylserine: It is a substance produced in the body that covers and protects every cell in the body, this nootropic promotes healthy sleep, improves memory, and enhances exercise performance. A study has shown that Phosphatidylserine may help decrease muscle soreness and protect against the increase in levels of cortisol, a stress hormone product of over exercise.

 

  • Huperzine A (Oxyshred): Oxyshred’s main ingredient is acetyl L-carnitine, an amino acid that transports fatty acids into muscle tissue to be burned off as energy. This supplement is normally used during the morning to give you a boost of energy, it is used before working out too. Huperzine also increases metabolism and improves insulin sensitivity.

 

  • Vitamin B6: It is a really important substance to keep the brain healthy, Vitamin B6 helps you to produce neurotransmitters, it also helps to maintain your focus during exercise. It is a common ingredient for pre-work out supplements.

 

Nootropics for sleep

 

Studies has shown that many nootropics can help people to sleep, the four most science-backed nootropics for improving sleep in healthy humans taking in consideration 442 people which sleep has been monitored, are:

 

1- Ashwagandha: It is an herb with great qualities like reducing anxiety and depression by reducing cortisol, the stress hormone. Evidence suggests that Ashwaghandha has a big impact on sleep and it is general legal and safe. On the other hand, side effects may include muscle and abdominal pain.

 

2- Bacopa Monnieri: It is an adaptogen that prevents the major effects of stress, it increases resistence to stress. It is another nootropic that could help with sleeping, making it a lot easier. Bacopa Mannieri is generaly safe too but it has some side effects such as nausea and stomach cramps.

 

3- Gamma aminobutyric acid or GABA: It is an amino acid that works as a neurotransitter on your brain. GABA’s natural calming effect may be the reason it helps with sleeping desorders, anxiety and stress. Studies explains that GABA also improves the sleep quality for weeks after the treatments started. Some side effects may be headache and muscle weakness.

 

4- Melatonin: Also known as the sleep hormone, Melatonin is produced on the pineal gland, its job is to tell your body, brain and organs when to be active and when to rest. This hormone supplement is obviously great for improving sleeping quality but you should be careful cause it can affect your mood the day after taking it.

If you’re having trouble with sleep you may want to consider any of these nootropics.

 

To resume, Nootropics can be really healpful in many aspects of life like training and spleeping for example, but you have to be aware of the way you use them, get informed and take into account the possible side effects nootropics could bring and the disorders you may already have. Make sure you made the best decition.

 

Nootropics, the basis: all you need to know

Nootropics, the basis: all you need to know

We always hear a lot about “smart drugs”, also called nootropics. This kind of prescription medication is famous for the belief that it makes us smarter and that it contributes to our life and helps our cognitive functions but, are they legal? How do we use them? Are they really safe? Let’s talk about nootropics.

Are nootropics safe?

This is a particularly difficult question to answer, in general nootropics are safe, they are considered safe when they have a good history in the background and really few adverse events, but determining if nootropics are safe or not is more difficult than it seems.

The major part of Nootropics don’t have to be under clinical trials because they are classified as nutritional supplements so the people taking them have to take some (medidas de precaucion) such as:

– Talk with your doctor before taking any type of nootropic
– Choose the right nootropic: this will depend your health and your necessities
– Take it the right way: use the recommended dosage for you
– Take care of yourself: eat and sleep well, drink water and do some exercise during the week

These tips may sound pretty obvious but it is necessary to understand the importance of having a healthy life for nootropics to work the way they should, this way you will notice all the benefits they bring and as few side effects as possible.

Do nootropics work?

Some nootropics do work and have many benefits, for example:
– In short and long term memory
– Creativity, motivation, anti-stress
– Repair, regeneration and brain cell protection
– Attention, focus and verbal performance
– Raising alpha brain waves
– Healthy blood circulation
– Optimizing energy

Are nootropics legal?

It depends on where you live but in general nootropics are legal. Some countries may have more restrictions than others but nootropics are usually legal. The major part of nootropics are legal because they are classified as supplements and regulated as food. As we already said, nootropics don’t pass for clinical trials and are supposed to be good until something proves the opposite, all remains in history, if the product were good until yesterday it is still good today even if it doesn’t have a scientific proof.

Are nootropics legal in the U.K.?

Nootropics are legal to own, consume and purchase but you have to take into account that every type of nootropic could be different, in case of Modafinil for example, it is legal to own just enough to personal consume, it is less than 100 pills that can last during approximately three months.
It is different if we talk about nootropics like vitamins, amino acids and herbal supplements, those are completely legal and anyone can get them over-the-counter. And others are legal to consume and own but not with the intent of supplying others, if you don’t have a license to do it. So if you’re thinking about consuming nootropics make sure you know all the rules first, because for people who sell Modafinil even to just their friends, could face two years in jail.

Can nootropics make you tired?

The answer is not that simple as a yes or no. Many nootropics prevent daytime sleepiness, here is a list of some:

Phenylpiracetam: it is a potent stimulating nootropic. It increases dopamine, norepinephrine and acetylcholine levels. Phenylpiracetam also provides anxiolytic effects that help to work under pressure and stress.

Modafinil: Modafinil is a wakefulness-enhancing agent with stimulating effects. Its way of working it’s by increasing levels of dopamine, serotonin, norepinephrine and reducing the GABA, a inhibitory neurotransmitter.

Noopept: It is a member of the recetam class of nootropics, it is really stronger than piracetam. Noopept is commonly used because it promotes verbal fluency and it is really helpful with short and long term memory and it also increases the blood flow in the brain.

Rhodiola Rosea: also called Arctic Root, this herb is amazingly effective in remedying fatigue, brain fog, as well as sluggishness and poor memory. Rodhiola increases norepinephrine and serotonin which gives a wakeful state, this shrub is effective treating impotence, infertility and depression.

Oxiracetam: this recetam is focused more on wakefulness rather than stimulation, it increases blood flow in the brain and speeds up energy metabolism.

Sulbutiamine: It increases alertness and energy levels, as well as improves mood and reduces anxiety. As the major part of this nootropics, Sulbutiamine increases the production of glutamate and dopamine too.

It is strange to find a nootropic that causes sleepiness or fatigue, a big part of them does the opposite. Some nootropics may cause a feeling of calm and help with stress and anxiety but it is not common for nootropics to make you feel tired.

Can nootropics cause anxiety?

During my research I found many articles talking about nootropics that could make you lead with anxiety, social anxiety and stress, so they are more likely to help than cause anxiety. Anyway there are a couple nootropics that you have to take care with if you suffer from this condition.
Adderall and Ritalin are examples of nootropics that can cause anxiety,stomach pain, nausea, and sleep pain, but they also have the propensity for abuse. Another case is Modafinil that can enhance anxiety if you already have this disorder, it also can cause insomnia and high blood presure.
You have to be careful of what type of nootropics you consume and even more if you also consume other kind of drugs at the same time; combining a nootropic with cannabis for example could lead into sudden psychiatric symptoms.

Remember that this isn’t a medical article, if you are thinking about consuming any type of nootropic, make sure to consult with your head doctor, self-medication isn’t recommended.

To summarise, there is a large number of nootropics of different types and all of them have different restrinctions depending on where do you live and the use you give to them, make sure you have all the information on your hands and see the pros and cons of taking any smart drug, it is your choice but make sure it is one that you won’t regreat after.

Nootropics an allies for our body and brain

Nootropics an allies for our body and brain

It is amazing to think about all the things we have within easy reach to help us in our lives, in this case nootropics or as we are get use to call them, smart drugs can be really exciting whether you are a student, a worker or you just want to learn more about cognitive enhancers.

What are Nootropics?

Nootropic is a term generally used to refer to a natural or synthetic substance that affects positively some cognitive functions such as memory, motivation, attention and creativity. Nootropics are divided in three categories: prescription drugs, dietary supplements and synthetic compounds.

Prescription nootropics

They include:
Modafinil/Provigil (treats sleeping disorders such as narcolepsy or apnea)
– Adderall (treat ADHD)
– Methylphenidate/Ritalin (can treat symptoms of narcolepsy and ADHD)
– Memantine/Axura (treat symptoms of Alzheimer)

Side effects

The most common side effects of these nootropics may be:
– insomnia
– high blood pressure
– fast heart rate
– headaches

Over-the-counter-sales or natural nootropics:

 

Ginkgo Biloba: this is an herbal supplement, we found it in some energetic drinks and it is usually used to treat diverse mental functions and blood circulation among others.

Caffeine: It has stimulant effects, people consume it on coffee, tea and cola drinks. Caffeine may give you a boost of mental focus but it is not recommended to consume big amounts of it, to be more specific you should drink up to 4 cups of coffee per day.

Omega 3 fatty acids: these fats are important for brain cells, they repair and renew them. Omega 3 is found in fatty fish and oil fish supplements. It is recommended to include omega 3 in our diet.

Racetams: This is a type of synthetic nootropic that can affect neurotransmitters in the brain. Some nootropics racetams are: pramiracetam, piracetam, aniracetam and phenylpiracetam. In the case of racetams, more research is needed, evidence isn’t consistent enough to confirm its benefits for dementia.
Creatine: It is an aminoacid popular among athletes, it is a building block of protein, and also helps with short term memory.

L-theanine: is an amino acid (in bllack and green teas), it may also work well when mixed with caffeine. This combination helps boost cognitive performance and alertness. The recommended dosage is 100 up to 400 mg per day.

Pandora: is a natural nootropic, some of its ingredients are: ginkgo biloba, bacopa monnieri, caffeine. It can be used to improve study or just your daily (rendimiento).

Bacopa: It is a plant considered invigorating for the nervous system, also enhancing cognitive functions. It effectively improves memory and concentration, being of great help for people who are studying. It is considered a natural stress reliever, and is of great help in states of depression and anxiety.

Rosemary: Rosemary is a plant with great medicinal power. It is a great ally in processes of memory loss and concentration. It is advised to take to improve cognitive decline as it has neuroprotective properties. Its continued use could be beneficial in the prevention of Alzheimer.

 

Nootropics and anxiety

The cause of anxiety is usually the stress we have daily, this reduces the levels of dopamine, serotonin and acetylcholine from our brain. It is difficult to think that a nootropic could help with anxiety but there are a few that could make that possible.

Theanine or L-theanine: is a non-protein amino acid principally found in green tea. It increases levels of GABA, serotonin and dopamine, it is available as a nutritional supplement that reduces stress, improves mood and feelings of relaxation. Theanine supplements are available as tablets and capsules in doses between 50 and 200 mg.

Gamma-aminobutyric acid or GABA: is an amino acid that works as a neurotransmitter in the brain, when GAB attaches to a protein known as GABA receptor, it produces a calming effect that can help with anxiety, stress and fear.

Ashwagandha: is a small shrub, it is commonly used for stress. Ashwagandha contains chemicals that might calm the brain and reduce blood pressure. Research shows that taking a specific ashwagandha root extract 300 mg twice daily after food is possibly effective for reducing stress.

Nootropics for weight loss:

If we talk about weight loss, we have to take in consideration the elements that influence our body and brain: motivation, energy, memory, concentration and a low level of stress. There are some nootropics that can help to achieve our weight loss goals and enhance the sport and physical performance:

Modafinil: A 2008 study revealed that with a dosage of 400mg of Modafinil per day in adults, decreased average daily caloric intake by 38% and led to a significant decrease in perception of hunger. The most interesting discovery was that levels of fats, carbohydrates and proteins consumed don’t change. Modafinil leads to a dramatic decrease in impulsivity among normal body weight adults, therefore, it could have an even greater effect on food addicts, who lack certain types of dopamine.

Alpha GPC: It is a chemical made from a fatty acid found in soy. Alpha GPC is a prescription medication indicated for Alzeimers desease. In the USA, it is available as a dietary supplement to improve memory.
Alpha GPC increases a chemical in the brain called acetylcholine, this chemical is important for memory and learning functions. It can cause side effects in some people including heartburn, headache, insomnia, dizziness, skin rash, and confusion. At this time there is not enough scientific information to determine an appropriate range of doses for alpha-GPC.

Rhodiola Rosea: Rhodiola is a plant used as a medicine, as an “adaptogen” to help the body adapt to and resist physical, chemical, and environmental stress. It seems like a short-term use of this medicine might improve athletic performance and reduce muscle damage due to exercise. Rhodiola might cause dizziness, dry mouth, or excessive saliva production; although it is safe to take it twice daily.

DMAE or dimethylaminoethanol: it increases production of acetylcholine, so consuming DMAE as a supplement may boost brain health. DMAE has also been looked at to boost athletic performance, elevate mood, and address symptoms of depression. The side effects may include, increased blood pressure, stomach upset, headaches, muscle tension, drowsiness, confusion, and irritability.

This isn’t a medical article. It is important to remember that self-medication isn’t recommended, consult your head doctor and avoid any kind of medical problem you could lead into.

To sum up, there are a large list of benefits that nootropics can bring to our brain and body if we learn to use them properly, there are also some side effects but they are minimal. Nootropics can be used as supplements in our daily life and help us to manage better our lives and activities in general.