Study techniques and nootropics for concentration and focus

Study techniques and nootropics for concentration and focus

As students we are always looking for better ways to learn and make the learning process more tolerable because sometimes it could be really frustrating. We will be talking about some study techniques that might help you during final exams and any kind of test you will be attending.


Pomodoro Technique

This technique was developed by Francesco Cirillo in the late 80’s. There are six steps to follow:


  • Decide on the task to be done, you might want to make a list.
  • Set the pomodoro timer (25 minutes)
  • Work on the task.
  • Finish work when the timer rings take a short break (5 minutes)
  • After three pomodoros are done, take a long break (20 to 30 minutes). Once the long break is finished, move to step 2 again.


This technique works because people can be more organized with the time they have disponible and that time is used to be concentrated only on the task you have to do. This may be a little obvious but during the 25 minutes you have to be focused and leave your phone or any other distraction behind.


This method have 3 rules for getting the most of each period of time:

1- Break down complex projects: If a task needs more than 3 pomodoros you need to break down the project into smaller steps so it can be easier to carry on.

2- Small tasks go together: Any tasks that will take less than one Pomodoro should be combined with other simple tasks, for example one math exercise and a reading of a text for another subject.

3- Once a pomodoro is set, it must ring. The pomodoro is an indivisible unit of time and can not be broken. If you have already finished your task and there is still time at the pomodoro timer, you can use it to re-read something, to make sure your task is completed correctly or to read something useful.


When you start working in timed sessions, time is transformed from abstract concept into a concrete event. It becomes a pomodoro, a unit of both time and effort.

The concept of time changes from a negative, to a positive representation of events accomplished. Cirillo calls this “inverting time” because it changes the perception of time from a lost time to a well used time where you realize it is much easier to accomplish a task.


Leitner System


The Leitner system is a method of efficiently using just flashcards. This system was developed by Sebastian Leitner in the 70’s. It is a simple implementation of the principle of spaced repetition, where cards are reviewed at increasing intervals.

The Leitner System employs the concept of spaced repetition, which is an approximation to memorization that uses time intervals. Rather than overload information into your brain all in one sitting, spaced repetition encourages learners to space out learning over periods of time. Under the Leitner System, learners dedicate different time periods to studying certain concepts.


To start with this system you have to do 3 things:

  • Make flashcards. You can put a question on the front and the answer on the back. One card per concept.
  • Label 3 boxes with study time periods (box 1 for cards to be reviewed every day; box 2 for cards to be reviewed every other day and box 3 to be reviewed once a week)
  • Add your study times to your calendar.


Every flashcard will start in box 1. As you answer a flashcard correctly, move the card into the second box. If you incorrectly answer a flashcard, place the card back on the first one. Continue with this method for each flashcard in Box 1. At the end of this round, you will notice that some concepts stay in box 1, that means that these concepts are more difficult for you and require more time of studying. The cards that have passed to box 2, these are concepts with which you are more familiar, so you do not have to study them every day.


Each time you know the concept written on the card, you move it to the next box. Each time you get a card wrong, you put it back in the previous box. Once you have finished studying for the day, you will see which concepts are ones that you need to study more frequently, and which concepts may only need you to study them once a week.

Nootropics for focus


Apart from the study techniques we mentioned before, you can use some supplements for increasing your concentration and make the studying process even easier, these supplements can be some types of nootropics such as:




Citicoline or CDP-choline is a naturally occurring molecule that is vital for neuronal functions, particularly those related to cognition, learning and memory. This is because citicoline is rapidly converted into choline once in the body.

Choline is a key precursor molecule which is used to synthesise the neurotransmitter Acetylcholine (Ach). Acetylcholine is a key player in attention and alertness, it is also fundamental for complex behaviours. The cholinergic system of neurons is amply implicated in many aspects of cognition, learning and memory.


The good news is that, in contrast with other nootropic substrates, citicoline has been the subject of careful scientific investigation. This means we have a good understanding of its effects, efficacy, safety and use.

Studies in humans have highlighted that citicoline can have a beneficial effect on concentration, working memory and attention.

In 2015, researchers showed that a 28-day period of citicoline supplementation improved the performance of adolescent males on a range of attention and psychomotor speed tasks.


Rhodiola Rosea

Rhodiola rosea, also known as arctic root, and golden root. This root activates blood circulation, unblock blood vessels, enhances mental function, and smooth asthmatic conditions. Rhodiola species has been extensively studied on its properties. Modern pharmacological studies indicate that its extracts can increase neurotransmitter level, central nervous system activity, and cardiovascular function. Current studies reported that Rhodiola can improve cognitive function, reduce mental fatigue, promote free radical mitigation, and has anti-oxidative and neuroprotective effects.

To summarize, Rhodiola extracts might help protect cells from damage, regulate heartbeat, and have the potential for improving learning and memory.




Ashwagandha is an ancient herb rooted in Ayurveda, an alternative medicine originating in India. Ashwagandha consumption led to improvements in cognitive function in all areas, including focus and concentration. In particular, skills relating to attention, processing and reaction speeds were noticeably enhanced.


Whether its athletic ability, work productivity rate or complete mental avidness you want to work on, ashwagandha is scientifically proven to contribute towards improved performance.


As well as the role ashwagandha can play in providing good brain health, it could also boost your performance through benefits such as increased reaction speeds and better sleep quality.

As we always say, this is not a medical or professional article, remember to visit your doctor before taking any kind of nootropics even if they are known as natural.


Throughout this article we have shown some of the things you can implement or use to improve your quality of study without having to spend hours and hours reading over and over again a text with no sleep. Make sure to try all these tips and find which one suits you the best and good luck.


Natural Nootropics for attention and productivity

Natural Nootropics for attention and productivity

First of all, natural nootropics are known to be much safer than the synthetic ones because they have less side effects and have almost the same benefits, the natural will always be the best for our body.


Natural nootropics have a wide range of benefits but this time we will focus on the ones that help people to be more productive and be more alert. The most common ones are: Ginseng, Caffeine, Citicoline, Bacopa Monnieri, Ashwagandha and Rhodiola Rosea. Let’s take a look at each one of the nootropics mentioned before.




In the first place, there are two types of ginseng: Korean Ginseng also called Panax Ginseng and American Ginseng or Panax Quinquefolius. Several controlled trials have shown that these supplements may be efficace on fatigue reduction and physical performance enhancement.

To be productive you need a boost of energy and Ginseng is proven to help people who are tired and feeling weak. Chronic fatigue is a serious, chronic illness that can affect a person’s ability to carry out everyday tasks so it is really important to look for a treatment to help to get over this illness.


American ginseng turns out, in preliminary research, to fight fatigue. A review of studies stated that American and Asian ginseng may both be fatigue treatments in people who have chronic illnesses. However, researchers added that there’s a need for longer and stronger trials.




Coffee and more specifically caffeine is known as a product to increase energy and “wake up the brain”, it is a great stimulant but the effectiveness of caffeine increased productivity is not really proven. Although caffeine can be incredibly effective, providing your body with a short boost of energy and alertness. Like any substance, the effectiveness of caffeine is dependent on the dosage, body type, weight, age, time of day, and also, the quality of your sleep.


Most people agree that coffee also helps them feel better especially when they wake up feeling tired or fatigued. Ordinarily, feeling tired can leave you less alert and less focused, but coffee can help mitigate those effects.




Citicoline is a brain nutrient that supports mental energy, focus, attention, and the entire cognitive health. Citicoline is a naturally occurring compound found in every cell of the body, but it’s particularly important for the brain, it is found in really few foods so it is better to take it from a supplement. This nutrient is also a common ingredient in energetic drinks because of the boost of energy it brings to the body. The dosage depends on what you are going to take citicoline for, it varies a lot, if you want to take it for the enhancement in mental skills for example you need a dose of at least 1000 mg per day.


Bacopa Monnieri:


It is a plant normally used in traditional indian medicine, it has a large list of benefits but we will centre on two of them. Bacopa Monnieri improves memory function and also focus and attention. This herb shows promise in increasing the ability to acquire and retain new information and significantly lower the rate of forgetting newly acquired knowledge. Findings conducted researchers to conclude that bacopa monnieri might help improve higher-order cognitive processes such as learning and memory.


On the other hand, one study with 107 healthy adults underwent bacopa treatment for 90 days. Of these, 62 people completed the study and demonstrated significant working memory improvement.


Both, focus and memory are crucial for improving productivity in daily tasks so people may need something like this supplement to support and complement their diet.




Ashwagandha is an herb normally used in alternative medicine. A study looking at the effect of a ginseng extract on psychomotor performance found that ashwagandha consumption led to improvements in cognitive function in all areas, including focus and concentration. In particular, skills relating to attention, processing and reaction speeds were noticeably enhanced.


Whether its athletic ability, work productivity rate or overall mental perception you want to work on, ashwagandha is scientifically proven to contribute to improved performance.


it could also boost your performance through benefits such as increased reaction speeds and better sleep quality. BUT like all the other nootropics, it only works properly if you have a good lifestyle, this means that you have to sleep well, eat well, do some exercise (you can just take a thirty minutes walk around town), get hydrated and all the things you already know that are good for you.


Rhodiola Rosea:


Rhodiola Rosea is an herb that grows mostly in the mountainous regions of Europe and Asia. Its roots are considered adaptogens which means that these roots help your body to adapt to stressful situations.

This adaptogen is also known to fight fatigue, in a study, 100 people with chronic fatigue symptoms received 400 mg of rhodiola every day for eight weeks. They experienced substantial improvements in stress symptoms, fatigue, quality of life, mood and concentration. These improvements were observed after the first week of treatment and continued to improve through the final week of the study.


This nootropic has another benefit: it improves brain function. In another study, students experienced considerably reduced mental fatigue, improved sleep patterns and increased motivation to study after taking rhodiola supplements for twenty days. Their exam scores were also eight percent higher than those in the placebo group.


Remember that this is NOT a medical article, we recommend you to visit your head doctor before deciding to take any of these nootropics, even though they are natural, some of them can have side effects if you already have a disease or previous illness.


All in all there are a lot of different natural nootropics for different purposes, in this case we have shown you the most common types of natural nootropics to keep you productive, with energy and focused on your daily tasks which is imperative for having a functional life. Even though we all wish to have a magic supplement, sadly there is none, to see results we also have to work on our lifestyle to improve ourselves.





The best way to do a review for an exam

The best way to do a review for an exam

Reviewing is essential for successful test scores and long-term memorization.

What is the review?
Reviewing is one of the best study techniques and in some cases they remain in the background due to lack of time or because they study at the last minute.
One is aware that after learning a topic it is very useful to examine oneself to know how much information you remember. Precisely at this point the review is the tool that helps to master a subject in the best way.
Therefore, to review is to check what is remembered to consolidate knowledge and reinforce those that have been forgotten. And therefore the more review a topic is, the better prepared you are for an exam.
When reviewing, it is advisable to do so with strategies that allow progress in the study and move away from oblivion. One of the factors most feared by students. Since with the passage of time all the information that we study with so much effort is gradually eliminated, we learn and memorize. And this is why the review technique was created.

The importance of review
Surely studying and memorizing for one or two hours and at the end you are able to remember the subject studied, but after a week much of that information no longer exists, you have forgotten it.
This is an indication that the brain is a very practical organ and tends to get rid of what it does not use. But there is also another function of the brain that is related to the neural connections that are strengthened when it is reviewed making the subject studied stay longer. So it is important to reinforce what you have learned from time to time so that it does not disappear. In addition, understanding this leads us to get rid of the typical situation of studying one day before the exam because in that case the review is left out and it is precisely the technique that determines the result of the grades throughout each academic year.

The curve of forgetting and review
Forgetfulness refers to the loss of access to information previously processed in memory. In general, this situation occurs due to the passage of time, although in other cases due to a mental block. Regarding the study, it is somewhat annoying despite being a capacity with an adaptive function, which allows us to eliminate information that is not used from our brain and allows us to focus on daily problems.

Herman Ebbinghaus
In 1850, the German psychologist Herman Ebbinghaus conducted the first studies on the function of forgetting and defined what is now known as the forgetting curve.
This study allowed to clarify processes related to the retention of information and the forgetting of it.


Through various experiments, Ebbinghaus graph the forgetting curve where the level of retention of learned information and its decrease over time is reflected. Through the forgetting curve, a comparison can be made between the material that is initially processed and the one that will remain in memory, which according to its creator, occurs due to the passage of time and the non-use of the information.


In this curve it can be seen that forgetting occurs very quickly (red curve)
While with them the information tends to remain (green curves)

In the graph you can see three green curves which represent a review. Therefore, doing a review for 3 days after learning makes the information is kept for more than 6 days, almost in its entirety. This means that the retention of the information lasts longer with subsequent review.

Ebbinghaus results
Ebbinghaus showed that the forgetting cycle is as follows:

In one day, 50% of what has been learned is forgotten
In two days 70% of learned is forgotten
After a week, 90% of what has been learned is forgotten
Thanks to this study, the spaced review What is a method to transfer information to long-term memory is recommended. The recommendation for a good spaced review is the following.

First review the next day
Second review a week
Third review after 30 days
Fourth review before the exam or in the next 30 days.
If you want to do a good spaced review, I recommend the Aniki program, which is based on this method.

How to review?
As for review material, it is important that you use the study technique that works best for you, such as a summary, concept map, or any other way. The important thing is that you are entering that the review is fast therefore avoid large amounts of information.
All this is to optimize time due to the large amount of material used in university studies. You can also rely on programs such as: PowerPoint, Word, Anki, a whiteboard or a tape recorder.

Best Review Techniques
Visual review
In this type of review, diagrams or maps are reproduced as they were memorized. This is a technique that helps students who have more facility for visual learning and enjoy

still writing and drawing. It is also important to build knowledge in the initial reviews.

Reviewed aloud
It consists of recording yourself giving a lesson out loud as if you were an expert on the subject, it allows you to develop your oratory and at the same time retain more information. The moments in which you do not know how to explain a topic serve as a progress meter, since they are points that you must read and understand again. This type of technique allows you to structure the content, it helps you develop auditory learning. It also gives you the advantage of recording the conference and listening to it as a review instead of reading.

Reviewed with cards
This is a type of review that became very famous or to memorize vocabulary, definitions and formulas. It is more practical, since it allows you to develop the cards as you study or prepare the study material. The fact that you have a very small space allows you to select the most important and pay close attention to the keywords. If you choose an application to carry out a review with cards, you can do it in any empty time.

Review with exams
This is considered one of the most effective reviews to face exams. To carry them out you can request exams from previous years students who have already taken or ask your classmates to make you a difficult exam. This allows you to evaluate their progress by simulating real exams and clearly visualize what concepts they need to review. In addition, the fact of taking a mock exam prepares you mentally for a real situation and many times you can find similar questions.

Natural Nootropics: the most known and their benefits

Natural Nootropics: the most known and their benefits


We heard and read a lot about nootropics, their benefits, their side effects, where to buy them, etc but in this opportunity we want to talk more about natural nootropics and their benefits so you can have all the information to make a good choice.

What are natural nootropics?

Nootropics are defined in the dictionary as a substance that enhances cognition and memory and facilitates learning. They can be supplements, compounds or drugs, but in this opportunity we will focus on natural nootropics. Natural nootropics are substances or nutrients from nature, these types of nootropics have less side effects than the synthetics and are better tolerated so if you are a beginner at the “smart drug world”, you might want to start with natural supplements.


The first benefit of natural nootropics is that, as we mentioned before, these are much safer than the synthetics ones. In their purest form, they do not produce side effects and they have almost the same benefits on long and short term. In the long term, there is good evidence that natural nootropics can mitigate or even possibly reverse age-related cognitive decline.


Natural Nootropics include whole plants, part of them and other edible substances like oils. Natural nootropics are almost always considered supplements. This means that they undergo less scrutiny by regulating agencies, but that they are not allowed to claim that they prevent, treat, or diagnose brain conditions.


The main benefit that this type of nootropic brings is that they are easier to obtain because of the few regulations they have. We can find some of them at the supermarket and buy them for a low price, we’re talking about coffee and tea for example.


The most known natural nootropics



Also known as indian ginseng or winter cherry, Ashwagandha is an herb commonly used in ayurvedic medicine and it normally comes from India. It is classified as an adaptogen which means this herb helps in the managing of stress and fight symptoms of depression and anxiety. Studies have shown that this herb reduces high blood sugar levels even in people with diabetes by reducing insulin secretion and also improves insulin sensitivity in muscle cells.

Ashwagandha may also have anti-cancer properties with the ability to fight tumor growth but the studies are not really proved scientifically yet, hopefully we will have more evidence in some years.



It is an amino acid mostly found in black tea, green tea and some mushrooms. These natural nootropics may affect certain chemicals in the brain such as serotonin and dopamine which influences people’s mood, sleep, emotion and cortisol which helps to deal with stress. Some researchers found out that L-theanine improves mental focus, the dose is 100mg per day and people who took it show a better mental performance and fewer errors in attention tasks than the group which took placebo.

This amino acid also has the benefit of reducing the blood pressure by reducing stress, thus it increases the relaxation which decreases the blood pressure.

Moreover, L-Theanine may also help to sleep better and improve sleep quality. This nootropic helps people relax before bedtime, sleep more easily and have a deeper sleep, this is because of the impact this nootropic has on the chemicals of the brain.


Rhodiola Rosea:

It is an herb from the arctic regions of Asia, North America and Europe, it is part of the adaptogens family. The principal benefit obtained from Rhodiola Rosea is the regulation of cortisol and other stress hormones and also supports brain chemicals that play a major role in the cognitive process. Adaptogens like rhodiola rosea increase your body’s resistance to stress, allowing you to support the stressful times.

One study investigated the benefits from a dosage of 400 mg of Rhodiola Rosea per day and the results proved that it had significant improvements in the treatment of stress symptoms such as anxiety, fatigue and exhaustion.

This natural nootropic might also help with depression, more specifically with its symptoms by balancing the neurotransmitters in your brain. Rhodiola Rosea helped with depression, insomnia, emotional stability and even gave a boost in people’s self-esteem.

Apart from the brain, Rhodiola Rosea has benefits on the body too, helping people to enhance exercise performance. In some studies, rhodiola has been shown to improve exercise performance by decreasing perceived exertion, or how hard participants felt their bodies were working.


Gingko Biloba:

It is a tree native to China, there are dozens of Ginkgo Biloba supplements associated with improvement of health. This nootropic has many benefits, it contains antioxidants. Antioxidants are substances that may protect your cells against free radicals, which may play a role in heart disease, cancer and other diseases.

Ginkgo Biloba can help fight inflammation. In the inflammatory response, various components of the immune system are recruited to fight against the foreign invader or heal the injured area. There are some specific conditions in which this natural supplement may be helpful, these include: arthritis, irritable bowel disease, cancer, heart disease and stroke.

This natural nootropic also reduces symptoms of some psychiatric disorders and dementia. These profits could be related to the role that ginkgo may play in improving blood flow to the brain, especially as it relates to vascular types of dementia.


Bacopa Monnieri:

Also known as brahmi, this is a plant usually used in indian medicine, it is mostly used for Alzeimers disease, memory and thinking skills. Bacopa might increase certain brain chemicals that are involved in thinking, learning, and memory. Human studies show it may help boost brain function, treat ADHD symptoms, and reduce stress and anxiety. Furthermore, test-tube and animal studies have found that it may possess anticancer properties and reduce inflammation and blood pressure.


Remember that this is NOT a medical article, we recommend visiting your head doctor before thinking about taking any kind of nootropic, even the natural ones like the ones we mentioned before. Self medication can be really risky, make sure you know the pros and cons of taking any type of medicine.


We can be talking all day long about the multiples advantages that natural nootropics could bring to our lives, however it is really important to take into account that we have to take a healthy life, sleep well, do some exercise, eat healthy, have some time of relaxation during the day, etc for the nootropics to work in the way they should be and to see the results and the improvements they may bring to our daily routine such as improve our memory, keep us focused and enhance cognitive performance. Get information and choose the one that suits you the best.


How to study an online master’s degree

How to study an online master’s degree

There is the possibility of studying an online master’s degree and the questions that arise are: is it worth studying? How are they studied? Most prefer to continue training at this time, which requires continual specialization. The online master’s degree is one more option for when you finish your degree and feel that you still need to train, in some cases it is the best way to continue studying.

What is called an online master?

In a simple way, it can be said that an online master is a master that can be studied through the internet. This training in many cases exceeds the face-to-face training and they are usually at the same level.
One of the main characteristics of this modality is the saving of time due to the possibility of studying online, although they are always accompanied by certain study strategies. For example, it is common in this modality to find virtual classrooms, where you attend classes live. There is also the possibility of recording the lessons and watching them as many times as necessary, downloading study material, among others.

The online master also have the possibility of being official or their own

Own online master’s degree: This degree lacks approval for Europe and is not fully valid in the EHEA and in some it is only necessary to have professional experience in the field in which you want to study the master’s degree.

Official online master: As with the face-to-face master, this type of master is recognized by an educational education and approved throughout the European Union. This offers the possibility of practicing a profession in any country that is part of the EHEA (European Higher Education Area) and to access this type of master you must have a bachelor’s degree or a bachelor’s degree.

The quality of a virtual master

Currently, online teaching has advanced a lot, in part due to the suspension of face-to-face classes in 2020. This, added to the advances of previous years, gives us the possibility of taking our own master’s degree and, most importantly, an online master’s degree. This can be done at universities in Spain, France and at various European Universities.

If it is about quality, the qualification approved and valid for Europe, is the clear example that it is at the level of traditional education. As the years go by, more masters will continue to be enabled with the online modality, as is happening in universities in Spain.

Go ahead and study a master’s degree online

During these last years, online education has been growing despite the beliefs that people have about learning online. In fact, it is often considered a second option and as a solution for when you cannot attend a face-to-face class due to work or distance. The idea that doubts are resolved remotely is very present. Doubts about the methodologies, the tools that are needed, the motivation, the planning and the study routine.
Below I will explain some advantages and disadvantages compared to face-to-face learning:

Positive aspects

You can take it from your home.

This is an incredible freedom, you can condition your study place to your liking or study from any other place with internet access. You will avoid traveling to attend class and you will be able to rely on the facilities and automations offered by a PC, a cell phone or tablet and above all the continuous internet connection.

Flexible hours

The most common is that the material and classes are available 24 hours a day, even all year round. You will only have to organize yourself to attend the online classes if the subject requires it or if you are interested. This opens a window of possibilities for you in case you work or have children or are looking to combine higher education with a hobby.

The cost is less.

In general, it is cheaper for universities to take courses online and this is reflected in the price they offer to the student. In addition, the economic aspect together with the online study opens a window of offers from universities in neighboring countries and from other continents.

Negative aspects

  • The official master’s degree is scarce. The amount is less than the one found in mode
    face-to-face and will be expanded in the face of demand
  • It takes you away from the traditional university environment.
  • Although platforms and technology allow the student teacher to have more tools for communication, it still does not reach the person-to-person level.


Basic requirements to access an online Master

The same requirements are usually required as in a traditional master’s degree. For example, undergraduate degree, that the degree is consistent with the content of the master’s degree.

The possibility also arises that the degrees are less demanding in the case of an Online Master’s Degree, where they ask you for example: Professional Training Certificate or have work experience in what you intend to study.

Tips for studying a master’s degree online

The fundamental thing is to make the most of technology. It is important to familiarize yourself and continually update yourself to know what resources are available for the entire course. The fact that teachers only uploaded PDFs to the university platform and then each student turned in their homework was long gone. Now it is used, video conferencing, digital whiteboards, virtual classrooms, live classes and other possibilities.

Improve your organization

Online learning totally changes the traditional methodology of learning, in fact it could be considered that it implies a revolution. The prominence of the student increases, but that flexibility can be a disaster if it is not managed well. The level of responsibility is higher and the ability to have a daily routine is essential. If you didn’t develop a high-performing discipline and organization, you have to.
Before taking the step, plan everything. It is important to adapt to the challenge. Fixed hours are the best allies. As long as you can carry a consistent routine over time, everything will become easier. Don’t let the freedom and convenience of choosing your schedules turn against you.

Motivation, Iron Will.

The difficult thing is not to start, but to stay in the challenge. At the beginning the motivation is at the highest, but as the difficulties arise and things do not go as planned. Motivation begins to wane. In these moments only an iron will will remain constant. Remember it is not difficult, you just don’t have time.

Nootropics, yeses and noes: a quick guide

Nootropics, yeses and noes: a quick guide

Nootropics are most common these days, people are more and more used to acquire them with the hope of ameliorating their lifestyles, improve memory, have more energy, enhance cognitive abilities and so on. The main interrogatives generally are, what type of nootropic should I take? Are nootropics good for sleeping? What kind of nootropic could help me to enhance my training performance? Here we will try to answer some of those questions.


What nootropics should I take?


Here is a list of the best and most common nootropics:

  • Caffeine: Caffeine is a chemical that increases your alertness and improves your attention.


  • L-Theanine: L-theanine is an amino acid found in tea that can increase feelings of calmness and may be linked to increased creativity.


  • Creatine: Creatine is an amino acid that can improve short-term memory and reasoning skills. Doses of 5 grams per day have been shown to be safe in the long term.


  • Bacopa Monnieri: Bacopa monnieri is an herbal supplement that has been shown to improve memory and information processing.


  • Rhodiola Rosea: Rhodiola rosea is a natural herb that may help your body adapt to periods of high stress and reduce associated mental fatigue.


  • Ginkgo Biloba: Ginkgo biloba can improve memory and mental processing and may be beneficial in stressful situations.


  • Noopept: Noopept is a synthetic nootropic that may improve memory by increasing BDNF levels in your brain.

  • Modafinil: Modafinil is a prescription drug that can reduce drowsiness and improve brain function in healthy adults, particularly those who are sleep deprived.


  • Adderall: Adderall is not available without a prescription but does appear to improve brain function in healthy adults and those with ADHD.


  • Ritalin: Ritalin is a smart drug that enhances information processing, memory and attention.


What nootropics should NOT be mixed?


To answer this we have to take in consideration that there are many types of nootropics, the best way is to categorize the nootropics that are not well tolerated when mixed:


– Stimulants: There are various stimulants nootropics but the most common include caffeine, adderall and yohimbine. These stimulants increase your dopamine, adrenaline, and other stress hormones and if you mix them, it would lead into side effects such as: anxiety, irritability, nausea, insomnia and jitters.


– Racetams: Recetams are not recommended to mix because of the lack of long-term research, and if there is a study, they generally are proved in animals. Because long-term effects aren’t known, we can’t tell how safe these nootropics really are, and mixing them probably won’t be the best decision.


– Serotonergic Nootropics: Mixing nootropics that affect serotonin levels aren’t bad in general but there are some exceptions. Don’t mix serotonergic nootropics if you are taking a medication, or at least consult with a doctor. Taking too much of this kind of nootropics can lead into a serotonin syndrome so be careful with the dosage too.


– Pre Formulated Nootropic Stacks: If you’re inexperienced with nootropics, the last thing you want to do is try to create your own stack, this is a job for experienced people who want to save time and money. Some of these stacks are selled but you should be careful anyway, try to make a smart decision when choosing the nootropics you will consume.


What nootropics increase dopamine?


First of all dopamine is a naturally occurring brain chemical that stimulates pleasure, euphoria, motivation, movement and attention, all made by the communication of a system of neurons, this communication takes place in specialized receptor sites. Dopamine is an important chemical in our daily life, it stimulates physical movement, affects how we learn, it also can increase addictive behaviours, influences dietary cravings, etc.


A decrease in dopamine may lead to cognitive disability. Some symptoms of dopamine deficiency are: decrease motivation, fatigue, mood swings, poor memory, inability to focus, addictions, impulsive behaviours and procrastination.


Nootropics that helps to increase dopamine in our system includes:


1- Rhodiola Rosea: it is a popular root commonly used in Asia and Eastern Europe as a medicine, Rhodiola produces many effects on the neuronal system including dopamine stability, helping reduce fatigue and anxiety and boosting ability for handling stress. Rhodiola can enhance the permeability of the blood-brain barrier, allowing for better transport of dopamine.


2- L-Theanine: it is an amino acid found mainly in green tea and some mushrooms. L-theanine can cross the blood-brain barrier to boost dopamine levels. It also reduces the symptoms of stress and improves memory and learning. Another benefit of this amino acid is that it promotes the feelings of calm, helping to protect brain cells against the long-term effects of stress and age-related neural damage.


3- Citicoline or CDP Choline: It increases dopamine levels by acting as a dopamine agonist. Citicoline may also help to reduce food and drug cravings and reduce the appetite. Studies have shown that Citicoline combined with Uridine promotes the growth of dopamine receptors in the brain.


4- N-Acetyl L-Tyrosine: It may help to reduce the effects of high stress, Clinical trials show L-tyrosine biochemically can influence the synthesis of dopamine and norepinephrine in experimental animals and in humans too.


What nootropics interact well with wellbutrin?


Wellbutrin or Bupropion is an antidepressant, the factor that makes wellbutrin unique among the other antidepressants is that it doesn’t affect your libido and sexual function.

There is no big evidence of what happens when you mix a nootropic with wellbutrin, people who take wellbutrin and a nootropic tell that the side effects of the nootropics may be worse than thought but this also has to be with the dosage they take because the major part of them didn’t even consult with a doctor before mixing wellbutrin and nootropics.


Although Wellbutrin should not be mixed with other medicines that also contain bupropion since this may increase your risk of having a seizure. These include other antidepressants, antipsychotics, theophylline, isoniazid, tramadol, stimulants, steroids, hypoglycemic agents (including insulin), certain antibiotics, and abrupt discontinuation of benzodiazepines, but contraindications for nootropics aren’t found.

The most reasonable thing to do is consulate with a doctor before thinking of consuming any type of nootropic if you already take wellbutrin.


Remember, we do NOT recommend self-medication and this isn’t a medical article, take a time and consult your head doctor to avoid any problem nootropics could lead to for you.


To sum up, there is a large list of nootropics and these are also subdivided into categories, make sure to learn how to take them properly and which nootropics can or cannot be mixed, avoid possible consequences and side effects that can be tricky to control, consult a doctor, you’ll be thankful later.